INTRODUCTION

Because of the increased linkage between information systems and networks, the consequences of successful attacks on malicious people can have far-reaching consequences. The consequences of a vicious attack can be financial loss, loss of dignity, and a host of legal problems. Ethical hacking is a tool that is used before an attack emerges to detect weaknesses in information systems and to provide a basis for correcting these vulnerabilities.

In this article let us look at:

  1. Who Is an Ethical Hacker?
  2. Roles of an Ethical Hacker
  3. Ethical Hacking Career Scope
  4. Skills Required to Become an Ethical Hacker
  5. Certification and Courses
  6. Ethical Hacking Career in India

1. WHO IS AN ETHICAL HACKER?

An ethical hacker is a security professional who uses his computing capabilities for defensive purposes and to increase the security posture of information systems.

Steps in malicious hacking

An ethical hacker has to do login tests which are as follows:

1. Reconnaissance: An activity in which an attacker attempts to gather information about a target preparatory to launching an attack. Reconnaissance can be either active or passive.

2. Scanning: An activity done before the actual attack involves acquiring more detailed information based on the data obtained during the reconnaissance phase.

3. Gaining access: It is a phase where the actual attack is implemented. Therefore, the business risks designated at the highest level.

4. Maintaining access: Once the hacker has acquired access to the network and associated computers, he or she wants to maintain the access.

5. Clearing tracks and installing Back Doors: It is in the best interest of the attacker that no one is aware of his malicious activities on the computer systems. Again, rootkits are effective in clearing these tracks. 

 In order to access the system in the future, and ethical hacker does the installation of back doors.

2. ROLES OF AN ETHICAL HACKER

In an ethical hacking career, the main aim is to safeguard the computer systems from various attacks.

Various career options in ethical hacking are: 

  • Senior security consultant: It requires analyzing security settings and find safer practices, procedures, tools, and software. Their role is to lead security training for employees, participate in meetings for cybersecurity advancements, etc. 
  • Security engineers: Security engineers are required to work on preventing impact breaches. They have to secure systems, install firewalls, as well as encryption programs.
  • Data security analyst: The main role of a data security analyst is to protect sensitive data such as billing information, credit card information, and customer data.

3. ETHICAL HACKING CAREER SCOPE

Only 32% of people are highly skilled in the cybersecurity industry to protect against vicious attacks. The demand for cybersecurity professionals has increased from 1 million in 2013 to 3.5 million in 2021. 

 Being an ethical hacker is a quite challenging line of work due to the fact that a white hacker needs to know everything about systems and networks. This is why certain organizations started to give out certifications that support talented hackers when it comes to working. Hackers with these certifications have an increased chance to get higher salaries. Most organizations prefer certified individuals when it comes to system security due to the growing needs of the field. 

 They are offered a salary starting from 4 lakhs per annum to 12 lakhs per annum in India and $6000 per year to $17000 per annum in the US.

Various ethical hacking job opportunities offered in this field are as follows:

  • Cybersecurity analyst
  • Penetration tester
  • Information security analyst
  • Information security engineer
  • Cybersecurity engineer

If you have been looking for getting some good money, then above given ethical hacking career opportunities can be chosen.

4. SKILLS REQUIRED TO BECOME AN ETHICAL HACKER

  • Detailed knowledge of programming: Any professional that works in the fields of Software Development Life Cycle and application security is required to possess this knowledge.
  • Knowledge of servers and search engines.
  • Knowledge about different platforms used on different kinds of devices.
  • Knowledge on how to use hacking tools and techniques.
  • Knowledge of programming languages such as Javascript, SQL, HTML, Python, C/C

5. CERTIFICATION AND COURSES

To boost your chances of getting a job in this field, one must be a certified person who knows how to start ethical hacking. This assists you in getting a job as a certification exam such as Certified Ethical Hacker helps you to test your knowledge in ethical hacking.

 A certified Ethical hacker can hope for a salary of $90000.

There are few certificates such as Certified Security Specialist, Ethical Hacker Expert, Computer hacking Forensic Investigator, etc. It can be found to increase the growth of ethical hacking careers.

6. ETHICAL HACKING CAREER IN INDIA

Various companies in India, such as WIPRO, IBM, INFOSYS, etc., hire ethical hackers to build their system security.

To start your ethical hacking career in India, you must have an undergraduate degree in computer science. For fresher, ethical hacking jobs in India, salary can be up to3-4 lakhs per annum. After gaining a few years of experience in this field, you can earn up to ₹ 7 LPA. Those with work experience over 5 years can expect a salary of 12 to 13 lakhs per annum.

CONCLUSION

Ethical hacking career is an interesting field if you like learning new things, as new methods are discovered all the time. The scope of ethical hacking has increased in the past few years.  The job takes a great amount of flexibility. The road is a bit slower but will take you to more favorable results.

So, have you made up your mind to make a career in Cyber Security? Visit our Master Certificate in Cyber Security (Red Team) for further help. It is the first program in offensive technologies in India and allows learners to practice in a real-time simulated ecosystem, that will give you an edge in this competitive world.

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