Introduction to IoT

IoT provides a common platform that permits data exchange between various physical devices connected in the network through sensors enabled in such devices. Everything and anything with an on/off switch these days can be connected to the Internet, forming part of the IoT security. It generally refers to the devices connected to the network that can communicate with other devices free of human intervention.

  1. How are IoT devices managed?
  2. Basic to IoT Device Management
  3. IoT Vulnerabilities & Issues 
  4. IoT Security Management 

1. How are IoT devices managed?

Device management refers to all the technologies, functionality, and operations needed to manage IoT solutions on a platform adequately. Processes such as quick and reliable onboarding of new devices, automated detection of device problems, etc., are included.

In a way to sustain connected resources paired, up-to-date, and safeguard, it is therefore very obvious that a sustainable and predictable system management program is essential.

2. Basic to IoT Device Management

  •    Provisioning and Authentication

Nobody would want bad actors to be able to trace hardware that is not authentic, are not running trustable software, or are not functioning on behalf of a trusted entity to your IoT ecosystem.

  •    Configuration and control

When integrated with the field, sensors are imperfect, whether it is a tracker on a mobile asset like a vehicle or a sensor like a refrigeration system for remote monitoring. There may be configurable system settings after a deployment that you want to change over time, such as decreasing the frequency at which location messages are recorded by your trackers to increase battery life.

  •    Monitoring and Diagnostics

There might also be unavoidable system barriers and/or software anomalies that you may need to address, in addition to configuring those system configurations. Therefore, to proactively detect and address potential bugs/issues, the ability to target and predict when something is inaccurate, such as higher-than-normal Processing power, is crucial.

  •    Software Maintenance and updates

The potential to seamlessly configure and retain wireless encryption is thus one of the most important components of effective device management. The purpose of the IoT solution will be destroyed if physical access is required.

3. IoT Vulnerabilities & Issues 

Even Though IoT performs a wide range of functions with smart devices at home, industries & also around cities. These devices may also cause flaws and IoT security threats in the form of glitches.

  •       Sabotage of IoT devices

The weak security policy of IoT devices has become an easy target for hijackers. Hackers ask for a ransom to the authentic users for enabling such users to access the data. Not only do the hackers infect the devices with the virus, but they also steal user data from such devices & platforms.

  •        Lack of testing & updates

The organization does not perform adequate testing & timely updates in a hurry to release the product before other competitors in the industry so as gain a competitive advantage. There is also a distressing possibility that hackers may have a chance to access unencrypted files during downtime in the process of update. 

  •        Home Intrusions

There is the rising use of smart devices at homes nowadays, thereby making them smart homes. Poor defence mechanisms in these devices could expose IP addresses to the hackers, thereby enabling them to locate the IoT users’ address. The way to prevent such abuses is by enabling the connection to these devices through a Virtual Private Network.

  •       Financial Fraud

An organization employing IoT may expect to experience financial fraud potential fraud attacks. Some of these businesses are exploring ai technologies, while many will likely like to recognize the value of leveraging data at different levels of the enterprise. Unless proper risk assessment is undertaken by organizations, they may face compliance and operational difficulties in establishing new models.

  •       Unauthorized Access to a vehicle

IoT devices are also installed in the car & other vehicles. Weakness in the IoT devices can increase the risk of sabotage of highly secure access to a vehicle. These intrusions may potentially cause accidents & pose a major threat to the public.

  •        Lack of understanding of users

Since the users are well aware of the potential attacks of virus & other fraud practices on computers & networks, they depend heavily on the manufacturer of IoT devices for the security of IoT devices instead of educating themselves on the potential risks & other security issues. This lack of knowledge & poor understanding will land up the users of the devices at risk.

4. IoT Security Management 

IoT removes the roadblocks between real & computerized environments. But inadequate management of its security will restrict its unbeatable growth in the global economy. Therefore it is necessary to manage the security not only of the physical devices but also the network, sensors & data communication. To manage the system efficiently, thereby detecting unauthorized access & taking the right decisions at the appropriate time, there is a need to automate the activities required to manage the security of IoT.

An IoT security management architecture installed should be in line with the requirements of the enterprise. The IoT Security Management System (IOTSMS) consists of three components IoT reference model, layered functional architecture, Security Management information base. The IOTSMS should be capable of safeguarding against unauthorized modification, access, and sharing of information.

Proper steps to be taken to educate users about the need to protect IoT devices & systems are-

  1. Advising the clients about before the software/technologies approaching expiry & need to renew them.
  2. Implementing mandatory changing of login credentials periodically so that the user does not continue to use the same password for a longer duration.
  3. Enabling anywhere anytime access for only critical functions.
  4. Immunize the system against unauthorized physical  & Encryption attacks.

Conclusion

What is abundantly clear is that IoT will soon become an important part of our lives, and its security is one of the crucial issues which must be addressed through the greater of the entire global tech sector. Enough organizations can achieve their potential with smart devices, but people can’t just dismiss security threats. IoT device makers should, from the developmental stage, think about the protection of the devices they create.

However, it is difficult to find experienced professionals who can meet the changing needs of IoT devices by incorporating security technologies. Expert knowledge of hardware experts, professionals with comprehensive specializing in the field of safe applications, and quality control experts with significant experience in the review process are encouraged to make IoT secure products and services.

So, have you made up your mind to make a career in Cyber Security? Visit our Master Certificate in Cyber Security (Red Team) for further help. It is the first program in offensive technologies in India and allows learners to practice in a real-time simulated ecosystem, that will give them an edge in this competitive world.

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