The current internet age is witnessing the enormous development of technology and digital advancements. However, this constant growth has led to a lot of negative repercussions as well.

One of such repercussions is cyberattacks. There are different types of attacks in Cybersecurity. Several types of Cyberattacks took place since 2018, and many of them have led to severe consequences.

Cyber security

Here are the most significant ways by which different types of Cybersecurity attacks can take place. Read on to find out about different kinds of Cyberattacks and how to prevent them.

In this article let us look at:

  1. Phishing Attacks
  2. Spear Phishing Attacks
  3. Whale Phishing Attacks
  4. Drive-by Attacks
  5. Ransomware
  6. Password Attack
  7. Eavesdropping Attacks
  8. Malware Attacks
  9. Trojan Horses
  10. Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) Attacks
  11. Denial-of-service (DoS) and Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) Attacks
  12. URL Interpretation
  13. DNS Spoofing
  14. Session Hijacking
  15. Brute Force
  16. Web Attacks
  17. Cross-Site Scripting
  18. SQL Injection
  19. Other Types of Cyber Security Threats.
  20. Insider Threats
  21. AI-powered Attacks
  22. Birthday Attacks

A) What is a Cyber Attack?

Cyber Attack

A cyberattack is an intentional act conducted by one or more cybercriminals to steal data, fabricate information, or disable digital systems. To deal with these multiple types of attacks in cybersecurity that come with various technicalities, organizations require cybersecurity experts and specialists.

Through cybersecurity attacks, cybercriminals get illegal and unauthorized access to one or more computers that they use according to their benefits. There are various types of cybersecurity attacks that affect individuals across the globe. So, what are the most common cyber attacks today that are prevalent? You’d be surprised to know that there is a long list to access.

B) What are the Types of Cyber Attacks?

Types of cyber attack

Different studies have shown various types of cyberattacks in Cybersecurity. Other types of seizures in Cybersecurity take place in multiple ways.

What are the different types of Cyber Attacks?

Phishing Attacks:

Phishing attacks are one of the most common types of cyberattacks. In these cases, cyberattackers try to obtain personal information or data, like username, password, and credit card details, by disguising themselves as a trustworthy entity. Phishing is mainly conducted through electronic media, like emails and telephone calls.

Spear Phishing Attacks:

Spear phishing refers to any fraudulent activity conducted through email or phone call to gain unauthorized access to an individual’s confidential information. It has become one of the most common Cyberattacks these days.

Whale Phishing Attacks:

It is one of the types of phishing attacks that aim to access sensitive and confidential information of powerful personalities (e.g. CEO, Head executive of any company). It is a significant type in the list of the kinds of cyberattacks.

Drive-by Attacks:

Out of the various types of cyberattacks, drive-by attacks are quite prevalent. In this type, attackers insert malicious scripts into multiple websites and end up getting access to all the confidential documents of the users who visit those websites. Through these malicious scripts, the whole system gets corrupted, and all the information gets accessed by the hacker.


Among the types of cyber warfare attacks, ransomware stands as one of the riskiest ones as highly critical information can be at stake. In a ransomware attack, the victim is forced to delete all necessary information from their system if they fail to pay a ransom within the timeline given by cybercriminals. It is also one of the major types of cyberattacks in healthcare and defense alongside other sectors. However, there is no guarantee as to whether paying the ransom would secure their documents or not.

Password Attack:

The attackers attempt to hack different accounts of the victims by hacking their profiles and their passwords which gives them illegal access to all the information of the victim that is eventually used by the attackers as per their benefits.

Eavesdropping Attacks:

It is a network security attack conducted by Cybercriminals from time to time to gain unauthorized access to the files they need. Cell phones, computers, and laptops are first hacked and then used by the attackers to fabricate information according to their wishes. It is vital to know the answer to – How many types of Cyber attacks are there to learn about?

Malware Attacks:

The attackers create a code called malware, to hack digital devices, including laptops, computers, and mobiles to gain unauthorized access.

Trojan Horses:

A Trojan is a malware software program that aims at hacking the digital devices by appearing as a useful software to the victims.

It is one of the most dangerous types of Cyberattacks. It helps attackers get financial details alongside all other confidential information of the victims.

Man-in-the-Middle Attacks:

A MitM attack takes place when the attacker inserts himself in between the client and the owner to misinform the client and get unauthorized access to their digital systems.

Denial-of-service (DoS) and distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks:

A DDoS attack is one of the common types of Cyberattacks that aims at overwhelming a system in such a way that it fails to respond to its customers, due to which they end up losing a massive number of customers in no-time.

URL interpretation:

The hackers change and fabricate specific URL addresses through which they gain unauthorized access to the victim’s professional and personal data.

DNS Tunneling:

Hackers begin with hacking the digital systems first and then move on to data collection followed by an act of fabrication of information of the victims. It can take a long time and can go on for an extended period. It can also eventually damage the digital system of the victim forever due to the inserted bot and virus.

Session hijacking:

It is one of the most dangerous security attacks. This kind of attack takes place when the attacker makes a security attack on the victim’s session over and over again from a protected network. It is a dangerous method that enables the attacker to steal all the information and data of the victim by the end of the process.

Brute force:

It is a method of randomly trying out different passkeys or passwords for unlocking the victim’s system. It is one of the main types of Cyberattacks and is conducted by a lot of people daily.

Web Attacks:

  • Cross-site scripting: It is an injection breach where a Cybercriminal sends malicious scripts into victims’ systems from other websites in order to gain access to their information.
  • SQL Injection: It is one of the new types of Cyberattacks that aims at putting malicious information into the victim’s digital device by which the hacker gets all the confidential and personal information.

Other Types of Cyber Security Threats

Various new types of Cyberattacks have also come up with the advance in technology.

  • Insider Threats: Many Cyber attacks take place daily, and the most shocking fact is that most of the time, there is an insider involved in the process to help the Cybercriminals get the information about their organization. Insiders of target organizations end up becoming the ones who make these Cyber attacks happen daily. They help the external attackers by providing them with all the necessary information, which leads to further consequences. This kind of Cyberattack may take place in corporate environments. It is also one of the common types of Cyberattacks on banks and types of Cyberattacks on financial institutions.
  • AI-powered Attacks: Machine learning focuses on teaching the computer to perform several tasks on its own instead of depending on humans to conduct them manually. AI, at times, is used to hack the digital systems to get unauthorized information. It can also be used to steal confidential financial data. It affects national security and even goes to the extent of harming individuals emotionally.
  • Birthday Attacks: Birthday attacks are brute force attacks that aim at distorting communication between customers and various individuals of a company starting right from the CEO and its employees.


The question- What are the types of Cyber Attacks – has been duly answered in this piece, and when it comes to their impact, varied types of Cybercrime attacks affect the victims in different ways. And assessing these crimes requires a more in-depth study of the subject. The primary thing is all types of Cyberattacks affect the victims in one way or another.

These are some of the major types of Cyberattacks that occur daily in 2020. However, the most important way to reduce it is to understand how many types of Cyberattacks and how to recognize them. The level of awareness present in the employees and the citizens, in general, should be increased followed by the introduction of proper preventive measures to reduce the crime rate within the corporate environment.

By the way, have a look at Jigsaw Academy’s Master Certificate in Cyber Security (Red Team) if you want to learn more about Cyberattacks. The course follows an online live session format and has a duration of 600 hours.


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