The current internet age has been witnessing the enormous development of technology and digital advancements. However, with constant growth, a lot of negative repercussions have also taken place. Several types of Cyber attacks have been reported since 2018 and many of them have led to severe consequences. There are different types of attacks in Cybersecurity.

Here are the most significant ways by which different types of Cybersecurity attacks can take place. Do not forget to read about the different types of Cyber Attacks and how to prevent them.

In this article let us look at:

  1. Phishing Attacks
  2. Spear Phishing Attacks
  3. Whale Phishing Attacks
  4. Drive-by Attacks
  5. Ransomware
  6. Password Attack
  7. Eavesdropping Attacks
  8. Malware Attacks
  9. Trojan Horses
  10. Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) Attacks
  11. Denial-of-service (DoS) and Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) Attacks
  12. URL Interpretation
  13. DNS Spoofing
  14. Session Hijacking
  15. Brute Force
  16. Web Attacks
  17. Cross-Site Scripting
  18. SQL Injection
  19. Other Types of Cyber Security Threats.
  20. Insider Threats
  21. AI-powered Attacks
  22. Birthday Attacks

A) What is a Cyber Attack?

A Cyberattack is an intentional act conducted by one or more Cybercriminals to steal data, fabricate information, disable digital systems, etc. These are not quite straightforward to deal with about the multiple types of attacks in Cybersecurity that come with varied technicalities. Through Cybersecurity attacks, Cybercriminals get illegal and unauthorized access to one or more computers which they use according to their own benefits.

There are various types of Cybersecurity attacks that affect individuals across the globe. When it comes to the question as to what the most common Cyber attacks are today, there is a long list to be assessed. What are the types of Cyber Attacks? Different studies of Cybercrime attacks have shown various types of Cyber Attacks in Cybersecurity. Different types of attacks in Cybersecurity take place in multiple ways.

B) What are the Types of Cyber Attacks?

Different studies of cybercrime attacks have shown various types of Cyberattacks in Cyber Security. Different types of attacks in Cyber Security take place in multiple ways.

What are the different types of Cyber Attacks?

  • Phishing Attacks: Phishing attacks are one of the most common types of Cyber Attacks. In these cases, known individuals end up becoming Cybercriminals who insist the victim on opening a personal message or any file followed by a link through which most of their personal details get transferred to the attacker.
  • Spear Phishing Attacks: Spear Phishing basically refers to an email that focuses on an individual or a group, in order to gain unauthorized access to their confidential information. It has become one of the most common Cyber Attacks these days.
  • Whale Phishing Attacks: It is one of the types of phishing attacks that aim at getting access to sensitive and confidential information of the powerful ones (e.g CEO, Head executive of any company). It is a significant one in the list of types of Cyber Attacks. It is also one of the major types of Cyber Attacks in healthcare, alongside other sectors.
  • Drive-by Attacks: Out of the various types of Cyber Attacks, drive-by attacks are a very common one. A Cyber attacker aims at inserting malicious scripts into various websites and ends up getting access to all the confidential documents of the owner and the people in charge. Through these malicious scripts, the whole system gets corrupted and all information gets leaked to the hacker eventually.
  • Ransomware: Among the popular types of Cyberwarfare attacks, ransomware stands as one of the riskiest ones where highly critical personal information can be at stake. Under the ransomware attack, the victim is forced to delete all necessary information from their system if they fail to pay a ransom within the deadline given by the Cybercriminals. However, there is no guarantee as to whether paying the ransom would secure their documents or not.
  • Password Attack: The attackers attempt to hack into different accounts of victims, which gives them illegal access to all the information of the victim. This information is eventually used by the attackers as per their own benefits.
  • Eavesdropping Attacks: It is basically a network security attack conducted by Cybercriminals from time to time to gain unauthorized access to the files they need. Cell phones, computers, and laptops are first hacked and then used by attackers to fabricate information according to their wishes. It is really important for individuals and businesses to know how many types of Cyber Attacks are there.
  • Malware Attacks: The attackers create a code called malware, which is used to hack digital devices including laptops, computers, and mobiles to gain unauthorized access.
  • Trojan Horses: A trojan is a malware software program that aims at hacking digital devices by appearing as a useful software to the victims. It is one of the most dangerous types of Cyber Attacks. It helps attackers get financial details alongside all other confidential details of the victims.
  • Man-In-The-middle Attacks: A MITM attack takes place when the attacker inserts himself in between the client and the owner to misinform the client and get unauthorized access to their digital systems.
  • Denial-of-Service (DoS) and Distributed Denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks: A DDoS attack is one of the common types of Cyberattacks that aims at overwhelming a system in such a way that it fails to respond to its customers due to which they end up losing a huge number of customers in no-time.
  • URL interpretation: The hackers change and fabricate specific URL addresses to gain unauthorized access to the victim’s professional and personal data.
  • DNS Tunneling: Hackers begin with entering the digital systems first and then move on to collecting data, followed by fabricating the victim’s information. This process is very time-consuming. It can also eventually damage the victim’s system forever due to the inserted bot and virus.
  • Session Hijacking: It is one of the most dangerous security attacks. It takes place when the victim’s session is attacked over and over again from a protected network. It is a dangerous method that eventually ends up stealing all the victims’ information and data by the end of the process.
  • Brute Force: It is a method of randomly trying out different passkeys or passwords to unlock the victim’s systems. It is one of the main types of Cyberattacks conducted by a lot of people daily.

Web Attacks:

  • Cross-site scripting: It is an injection breach where a Cybercriminal sends malicious scripts into victims’ systems from other websites in order to gain access to their information.
  • SQL Injection: It is one of the new types of Cyberattacks that aims at putting malicious information into the victim’s digital device by which the hacker gets all the confidential and personal information.

Other Types of Cyber Security Threats

Various new types of Cyberattacks have also come up with the advance in technology.

  • Insider Threats: Many Cyber attacks take place on a daily basis and the most shocking fact is that most of the time there is an insider involved in the process who helps the Cybercriminals get the information of their organization. Insiders of target organizations end up becoming the ones who make these Cyber attacks happen. They help the external attackers by providing them with all the necessary information which leads to further consequences. This kind of Cyberattack may take place in corporate environments. It is also one of the common types of Cyberattacks on banks and types of Cyberattacks on financial institutions.
  • AI-powered Attacks: Machine learning focuses on teaching the computer to perform several tasks on its own instead of depending on humans to conduct them manually. AI, at times, is used to hack the digital systems to get unauthorized information. It can also be used to steal confidential financial data. It affects national security and even goes to the extent of harming individuals emotionally.
  • Birthday Attacks: Birthday attacks are brute force attacks that aim at distorting communication between customers and various individuals of a company starting right from the CEO and its employees.


The question- What are the types of Cyber Attacks – has been duly answered in this piece, and when it comes to their impact, varied types of Cybercrime attacks affect the victims in different ways. And assessing these crimes requires a more in-depth study of the subject. The primary thing is all types of Cyberattacks affect the victims in one way or another.

These are some of the major types of Cyberattacks that occur daily in 2020. However, the most important way to reduce it is to understand how many types of Cyberattacks and how to recognize them. The level of awareness present in the employees and the citizens, in general, should be increased followed by the introduction of proper preventive measures to reduce the crime rate within the corporate environment.

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