Introduction

With our world moving towards digital, the occurrences of attacks on systems can be all-encompassing and highly damaging in nature.

The consequences of these digital attacks are destructive and end up compromising all the data or siphoning of data, money, and even Cybertheft. These types of attacks in Cybersecurity can also be defined as Computer Network Attacks or CNA. We have listed out various types of Cyber Crimes blow:

What is Cyber Crime?

One of the most popular and oft-occurring forms of crimes in the world, Cybercrimes can be defined as the exploitation of computer networks, systems, and technology-dependent enterprises intentionally. There are so many different types of Cyber Crimes that use code that’s malicious to modify data, computer code, and even logic.

Common Types of Cyber Crimes?

Under this let us look at:

Web Attacks

This is a type of attack in Cybersecurity that affects the computer via the internet. These viruses can be downloaded from the internet and end up causing large-scale and sometimes irreversible damage to your system.

1. SQL Injections

This is one of the various types of Cyber Crime attacks that effectively employs different types of malicious code and manipulates backend databases to also access information, not intended to display. These can also include numerous items including the likes of user lists, private customer details, and also sensitive company data among others.

SQLI can have long-term devastating effects such as deletion of tables, unauthorized viewing of any user list, and even administrative access to databases.

2. Cross-Site Scripting

This is another type of injection breach where attackers send malicious scripts from websites that are otherwise deemed responsible or reputed. The dubious source is also allowed to attach any of its own code directly into the web application, with the malicious code being bundled along with dynamic content that is sent to the user’s browser as well.

Here are the various types of Cyber Crimes that can occur through the web –

3. DDoS Attacks

These are attacks that aim at shutting down services or networks and making them inaccessible to the intended users. These attacks overwhelm the target with a lot of traffic and flood the same with information that can cause a crash.

These attacks are targeted primarily at web servers of high-profile organizations such as the government or trade organizations.

4. Password Attacks

These are simply means to decrypt or even attempt to obtain a user’s password with the help of illegal intentions.

Crackers can use dictionary attacks, password sniffers, or even cracking programs in such cases. These attacks are carried out by recovering those passwords that are exported or stored through computer systems.

5. Eavesdropping Attacks

These attacks begin with the interception of network traffic. This attack is also known as sniffing or snooping and is a type of attack where individuals attempt to steal information that computers, smartphones or other devices receive or send.

6. Brute-Force and Dictionary Network Attacks

These are networking attacks where attackers attempt to directly log into user’s accounts by checking and trying out different possible passwords until they find the correct ones.

7. Insider Threats

Not all of the network attacks are performed by those outside organizations. Inside attacks are also common types of Cyber Crime attack that is performed on a network or a system by individuals who have authorized access to the same system.

8. Man-in-The-Middle Attacks

These are another type of Cybersecurity breach where attackers can eavesdrop on the communication between two entities. They occur between two legit communicating parties and allows the attacker to properly intercept any information shared.

9. AI-powered Attacks

Computer systems are now programmed to learn and teach themselves and these AI-powered attacks mark a new type of Cyber-attack that is bound to get more sophisticated with time.

While many unwittingly dismiss AI as a tech buzzword, it is employed in many everyday applications with the help of algorithmic processes that can be referred to as machine learning. This software is aimed at training computers to perform certain tasks all on their own. They can also accomplish these tasks by making sure they’re done repeatedly while also teaching themselves about obstacles that can potentially hinder their progress.

AI can also hack many systems including autonomous drones and vehicles and convert them into potentially dangerous weapons. They also make Cyberattacks such as password cracking, identity theft, and automated, efficient, and powerful attacks. They can also injure or kill people, cause emotional harm, and steal money. They can also affect national security and end up shutting down hospitals or cutting out power from national grids and are potentially one of the most dangerous types of Cyberwarfare attacks.

11. Drive-by Attacks

These are another common type of Cyberattack. They spread malware where hackers look for insecure websites and plant malicious scripts into PHP or HTTP code onto one of the pages. The script can then directly install the malware onto the computer of anyone who visits the site.

12. Phishing Attacks

This is a social engineering attack that is generally used to steal precious data such as login credentials or credit card numbers as attackers pretend to be trusted individuals and trick victims into opening malicious links.

13. Spear Phishing Attacks

These are attacks that are aimed at organizations or particular individuals who desire unauthorized access. These hacks aren’t executed by any random attackers but are in probability, done by individuals who are trying to access trade secrets, military intelligence, or even financial gain.

14. Whale Phishing Attacks

Whale phishing attacks are a type of phishing that generally attacks people with high statures such as CFOs or CEOs. It primarily aims at stealing information as these individuals generally have unlimited access and are involved with sensitive information. These instances also try to manipulate victims into permitting some really expensive wire transfers to the attacker.

15. Malware

Malware is generally code that’s made to affect or attack compromised computer systems without the user’s consent.

16. Ransomware

Ransomware generally blocks all of the access to a victim’s data and deleting the same if a ransom is paid.

17. Drive-by Attacks

This is another method to commonly distribute malware. Here, Cyber attackers look to access insecure websites and plant malicious scripts in the form of HTTP or PHP. This can then install the malware directly into the system that visits this particular website.

18. Trojan Horses

This is a type of malicious software program which attempts to misinterpret itself to appear useful. It then spreads by looking like normal software and then persuades victims to install the same.

19. Teardrop Attack

This is a form of attack that causes fragmentation and length offset fields in the general sequential of Internet Protocol (IP) packets and overlaps them on the host that’s attacked.

20. Ping of Death Attack

The Ping of Death attack is a type of Cybercrime where IP packets ping target systems with IP sizes which are much over the maximum byte limit.

Conclusion

These are some of the most common types of Cyber Crimes. Stay safe and protect yourself from the various types of attacks in Cybersecurity and keep your information with you at all times.

In case, you are interested in Cyber Security then browse through our Master Certificate in Cyber Security (Blue Team), a 520 hours long program with preparation for 7 global certifications.

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