Introduction

A significant portion of today’s market works on data. This is why the field of Data Science has become essential to help businesses analyze trends and make accurate predictions to create profits. Data Science is a field of study that extracts meaningful information from large complex and raw data. It is an interdisciplinary field combining Computer Science, Mathematics, and Statistics. 

There are numerous Data Science applications in various industries that have become part of our daily lives. Some of the most common Data Science uses are predictions, recommendations, decision making, personalization, optimization, automation, etc.

Any student or young professional interested in learning this subject must understand Data Science and its applications. This article will highlight the different Data Science use cases, the basic definitions of terms used in the field, and Data Science applications. Several Data Science examples used in real life are provided here for a better understanding of the topic.

  1. What is the use of Data Science?
  2. What are the applications of Data Science?
  3. Finance
  4. Healthcare
  5. Business
  6. Manufacturing
  7. Engineering
  8. Education

1. What is the use of Data Science?

Firstly, let us look at the meaning of some terminologies used in this field. Firstly, a Data Scientist’s role involves collecting, analyzing, and interpreting large amounts of data and building a model that accurately predicts outcomes. To do this, they have to follow a methodology. The Data Science methodology is an iterative process with a set sequence of steps followed by professionals to solve a problem. Having a thorough knowledge of Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence (AI) helps you stand out from the rest.

Numerous Data Science use cases in online businesses and other companies have made this subject popular and have created high salary paying jobs for Data Scientists. Through Data Science, a business can empower management with better decision making, undertake actions based on trends, explore data-driven opportunities, and identify their target audiences perfectly. Examples of Data Science applications are detecting frauds, making accurate predictions, personalizing services, providing recommendations, and automating processes.

2. What are the applications of Data Science?

Data Science applications can be seen in diverse sectors such as Finance, Business, Healthcare, Education, Manufacturing, and Engineering, and are briefly mentioned in the sections below.

3. Finance

This industry works on data. With new technological advancements in recent years, the application of Data Science in Finance has greatly flourished. Before making any decision, a company analyzes the risks involved that could lead to losses. Risk analytics is one of the core areas of Data Science that helps increase organizational trust and security. A company faces numerous risks like competitor threats, changing markets, customers needs, etc. To manage them, the company needs to identify, monitor, and prioritize the risks. Using the data collected from customer information, financial transactions, etc., a Data Scientist can help a company manage risks.

Fraud Detection is a Data Science application using analytical tools to track fraud, credit card scams, etc.

Another application is Algorithmic Trading, which consists of complex mathematical formulae and lighting speed computations to devise financial companies’ trading strategies.

And by using Consumer Analytics, insurance companies can measure customer lifetime and reduce their loss.

4. Healthcare

With the increasing usage of Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, many Data Science applications in healthcare have become popular in recent years. Medical Image Analysis has helped analyze and identify anomalies in X-Rays, MRIs, CT Scans, etc. Previously, doctors manually examined flaws in medical images. Now, with image recognition tools, Data Scientists have made this process swift and easy. Drug discovery has also become easier in providing insights into the success rate of a newly discovered drug. Drug combinations and their effects on different gene structures are analyzed with ease.

Through virtual assistance, essential healthcare support is provided to customers via AI-powered mobile applications. Hence, by describing symptoms or asking basic questions, effective solutions can be provided without a doctor’s need.

Understanding defects in genomic structure has also become easier with Data Science by applying statistical techniques to genomic sequences.

5. Business

Businesses operating online such as e-commerce, OTT, tourism, hospitality, finance, etc., require the right audience and best practices to make profits. Several Data Science applications in businesses bring profit via analysis and interpretation. Targeted advertising is one of the most lucrative ways a business can make profits today. By collecting vast amounts of data on customers such as gender, location, interests, likes, friends’ contacts, etc., a business can personalize an ad that caters to customers’ specific needs.

Providing recommendations such as what products to buy next, what movie or TV series to watch, what pages to like etc., is also possible due to Data Science. Making better products and personalizing services are other Data Science applications created by analyzing customer reviews, online data, usage patterns, etc.

6. Manufacturing

Internet of Things devices and sensors provide Big Data that is processed and analyzed using Data Science. This, in turn, improves the manufacturing sector. The various Data Science applications in manufacturing include Automation, Preventive Maintenance, Predictive Analytics, Product Development, Price Optimization, etc. Robots are used in the manufacturing sector for the reliable, continuous, and accurate building of products. By creating good quality products and taking on tasks that are not possible for human beings, AI-powered robots are satisfying the increasing industrial demands.

Data from real-time monitoring can help prevent failures and create an optimum performance of machines and systems. Optimum performance can be accomplished by using Predictive Analytics to calculate any future issues that can be avoided.

An ideal product is developed using Data Science techniques to analyze and interpret customer needs, reviews, demands, etc. Data Science is also used to optimize product price suitable for the manufacturer and customer needs.

7. Engineering

Engineers make data-driven decisions, and with the help of Data Science, there are easier ways available to monitor, operate, optimize, and maintain assets. Some of the Data Science applications in engineering are mentioned here.

With ubiquitous connectivity, cheap sensors, and large storage, collecting and analyzing information from industrial installations and engines has become simpler. With Data Science, a large data cache can be sifted easily to detect errors and identify failures.

Building a model of the asset is also feasible, which can help gain insights into unseen or easily accessible locations inside the installations.

Dashboards can be created with necessary metrics to operate and maintain systems, detect issues, and trigger alerts. Maintenance, control, and optimization of installations are also viable using various Data Science techniques.

8. Education

The education sector creates huge data on students and teachers, such as assessment data, demographics, enrollment and dropout rates, teacher performance, student behavior, etc. This creates several Data Science applications in education that go beyond just textbook learning.

Real-time data acquired from students taking tests, such as response time, sources of answers, correct and wrong answers to certain questions, etc., is used by Data Scientists to provide feedback and make better lesson plans for teachers.

Analyzing students’ social-emotional skills such as expressing emotions, relationships with others, etc., can help teachers understand their students better and provide the necessary support and attention.

Data Science can create a curriculum updated according to the market’s needs and trends, helping students gain knowledge from the real world. These applications can not only help teachers but even parents.

Conclusion

In this article, we learned about various Data Science real-world applications. Targeted ads, personalization of services, recommendations on what to buy, watch, and listen to, online shopping, etc., are various examples of Data Science applications in our daily lives.

This article explains the necessary Data Science techniques and applications in finance, healthcare, business, engineering, manufacturing, and education. As more students are learning this subject and with the advancement of technology, Data Science applications will extend to other sectors in the coming years.

Jigsaw Academy offers a Full Stack Data Science Program (FSDS) for learners to upskill to the latest Data Science tools and technologies. This 6-month online course provides a joint certification by NASSCOM FutureSkills & Jigsaw Academy, and is India’s 1st online Data Science course aligned to the SSC NASSCOM curriculum!

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