The Future of Data: Cloud Computing

Everything we do today involves technology. From doing our daily chores and reading this article to tackling the current pandemic, technology has become a way of our lives. Over the years, different technologies have grown, including Cloud Computing, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning, Cryptocurrency, Internet of Things (IoT), and others. 

Out of them, one has become an essential requisite for every organization in the present time, be it an established one or a start-up – Cloud Computing. Now, you may ask, “What is cloud computing getting popular for?” There are several reasons cloud technology is in high demand. Apart from being crucial, it is expected to generate more than a million jobs in India by 2022. It is fascinating how the cloud is conquering over the IT industry and dominating the on-premises market. It is anticipated that the cloud-based market will expand by 20%, resulting in a 10% on-premises downfall. 

What is cloud computing? 

To answer the question- what is cloud computing in simple terms, it means the delivery of services like storage, servers, networking, databases, or software over ‘cloud’ (the internet). These services are together termed as cloud computing services. Cloud computing offers a faster, flexible, and economical solution to the organizations, allowing them to work efficiently at a lower operating cost. 

The data is stored on the cloud; therefore, it eliminates the need for the operator to be in one place to access the information. Hence, allowing the employees to work from remote areas. Yes, it is cloud computing through which billions of people are working from home in the current time.

To get a clearer picture, let’s explore what is cloud computing with an example –

If you observe, you have been using cloud computing for a long time. How? Do you use e-mail? The mails and their attachments are saved on the cloud, allowing you to access them whenever you want, through any device.

Do you know about social media platforms like Facebook, Whatsapp, Instagram, or Twitter? People share pictures, documents, and other data which are all stored in the cloud servers of the organization. This allows you to revert the previously shared data. 

During the lockdown, streaming services like Netflix, Amazon Prime, and Hotstar have increased rapidly. The movies and shows you watch, these are stored on the cloud servers of the respective companies. 

Benefits of cloud computing

Now, you know what is meant by cloud computing in simple terms. There are several benefits of cloud computing. 

Some significant advantages include –

Cost

 Through the cloud, you can save, back up, and access the data online. This prevents you from buying hardware for storage purposes, hence avoiding unnecessary expenses. Since IT firms operate at a much larger scale, the cloud not only helps them save capital but also empowers them to preserve time and conserve electricity. 

Speed 

Cloud computing allows you to transfer and store data in minutes. This boosts the businesses and gives them the flexibility to operate on a massive scale with maximum capacity.

Global reach

Cloud is about how you do computing, not where you do computing.” – Paul Maritz

To access your files on the cloud, you need just an internet connection. This means that you can be on the other end of the world and still be well connected on a global scale. This allows companies to operate in various countries, even if they can’t be present physically.

Productivity

On-premises data centers require management in terms of hardware setup, software maintenance, and other IT chores. Cloud computing eliminates such time-consuming activities and boosts the firm’s productivity by focusing on its targets.

Security

Cloud providers provide policies and technologies which enhance the security of the data. They make sure that your data is safe and ensure regular backup. 

Types of cloud computing

Now that you’re familiar with the advantages of cloud computing, let us brief ourselves on the different types of clouds to understand better.

It is essential to understand the various types as different clouds have different functionalities. The cloud that will be suitable for an IT firm might not be ideal for personal use. 

The cloud computing architecture is divided into a public cloud, private cloud, and hybrid cloud.

Public Cloud 

Companies like Google drive, Microsoft Azure, IBM Cloud, and others are examples of a public cloud. These organizations offer their computing services like storage and server to their users over the internet. Here, all the software, hardware, and supporting infrastructure is owned by the cloud provider.

Private Cloud

As the name suggests, private clouds are owned by a single organization or business. The hardware for private clouds is generally stored in the office of the company. The data used in this cloud is stored on private servers.

Hybrid Cloud

A combination of the public and private cloud, hybrid cloud offers more adaptability and allows the sharing of data between the two. Hybrid clouds are preferred because they provide companies with enhanced security and greater flexibility to work.

Uses of Cloud Computing

You know what is cloud computing and what cloud computing means now. But let’s discuss the most crucial aspect – Uses of cloud computing. There are several applications of cloud computing. 

These are – 

  • One of the most common uses of the cloud is that it gives you the ability to store and access your data online. It offers you the flexibility to work from anywhere, at any time and from any device. 
  • Cloud computing has made it easier for companies to develop and test apps. They no longer have to invest in massive infrastructure and hardware. Cloud servers support them to scale up or down their production according to the demand.
  • Cloud enables companies to deliver software to their customers on demand. Through the cloud, the companies can offer the latest versions and regular updates of software to their users, globally and anytime they want.

Let’s take an example: 

Cloud enables us to stream audio and video. In the current times, this is perhaps the most useful feature of cloud as the technology of streaming services like Netflix, Amazon Prime, and Spotify are based on cloud technology.

Summary

Now you know what is cloud computing and why it has become the backbone of the IT sector. Almost everything we do on the internet has direct or indirect involvement in cloud technology. The world runs on data, and data is stored on the cloud. Besides knowing what cloud computing means, it is important for anyone who is interested in the IT sector to be familiar with all about cloud computing and its intricacies. 

Sounds interesting? Check out Jigsaw Academy’s cloud computing course to understand what is cloud computing in simple terms and delve into the industry in a short span of time.

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